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Yowling Creator: Try and Refute This…

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Yowling Creator: Try and Refute This…

Okay.

So Justin Bieber has nothing to with how to refute an argument.

But have a little compassion. It was the best I could find to grab your attention.

Now that I have it, see below for some quick tips for how to say “no” with kindness, respect, and great skill…

 

Yowling Creator Tips on How to Refute

Make sure your argument is well established before trying to refute the opposition.

Some people think it’s best to address opposing views first. But this approach puts your yowling assertions on the defense instead of the offense. This is like defining something by saying “what it’s not” instead of “what it is.”

That being said…

There are times when slowly refuting bit by bit during your argument is necessary.

Sometimes there are commonly held societal hurdles that must be overcome before being able to establish your point. In these cases, it can prove useful to acknowledge them at the outset of a paper, presentation, or project. Also, if you know tiny doubts might surface in the mind of your audience as you progress through your argument, then admitting and responding to them periodically and one at a time can help you gain credibility. I recommend doing this towards the end of an area of support, rather than towards the beginning.

When you do refute, I recommend this structure:

Topic sentence stating the opposition’s strongest and most valid point

            (A) Reason #1 – Concede the aspect, then refute it (prove it wrong)

                        Example (2 sentences)

                        Fact/Quote/Paraphrase/Illustration/Proof/Statistic

                        Your Analysis (2-3 sentences)

            (B) Reason #2

                        Example (2-3 sentences)

                        Fact/Quote/Paraphrase/Illustration/Proof/Statistic

                        Your Analysis (2-3 sentences)

            (C) Reason #3

                        Example (2-3 sentences)

                        Fact/Quote/Paraphrase/Illustration/Proof/Statistic

                        Your Analysis (2-3 sentences)

 (Note: You may not be able fill out the area of support as fully, but this is okay. Fill out as much as you can with as much proof as you can. The important part is your analysis.)

Place your refutation towards the last third of your discussion, not too far from your conclusion, and gain three things:

  1. Establish your point firmly without relying on the opposition.
  2. Earn credibility: although people with the opposing view don’t agree with you, they will appreciate the depth to which you respond to their most valid points. This can help prepare them to be persuaded at some point in the future.
  3. Present a well-rounded perspective, which equips those who agree with you to be even more convinced of the truth you present and perhaps be unafraid to address those who oppose them in the future.

What Are Your Thoughts on How to Refute? Comment to Yowling Creator…

21 Responses to “Yowling Creator: Try and Refute This…”

  1. Crystal Reed says:

    To be honest, the main reason I chose to read this post was because the picture featured in it was Justin Bieber. Successful attention grabber! However, as I began to read it I was a little frustrated because I don’t really see the importance of refutation. I still don’t really understand why it is necessary because I think it is more important to push strongly for what you are arguing for as a writer than spend a lot of time discussing the opposing view. Despite this though, it was helpful to read about tips to refute as I’m preparing to write my research paper. It was encouraging to read how to refute, since I was dreading/not thinking very much about this part of my paper.

    • Lisa Marie says:

      Thanks for you comment, Crystal. You make a good point. It can be useful to push strongly, especially if there’s a grave injustice involved; however, the people who often need the most convincing are those who adhere strongly to the opposing view–not the ones already in your camp. This is when refutation comes in handy. Responding intelligently to their best points and acknowledging any validity to them is an act of intellectual compassion, one of the most powerful techniques of persuasion…or so thought Martin Luther King in his segment, “Three Ways of Meeting Oppression.”

  2. Trevor Rogers says:

    Refutations can be a very good way for one to strengthen an argument. Outside of the academic setting, one can find opportunities to refute many times throughout life during activities such as debates, political discussions or court trials. Before attempting to refute, it is extremely important to have full knowledge of the topic. During a political debate, for example, two opposing parties often argue about what should be done about a specific problem in society. If one person lacks knowledge about the topic, that person will not be able refute well.

  3. Adam Jan says:

    Refutations were always hard for me to understand their importance.This class was the first time that I actually was pushed to used them. In my research paper, it was really hard for me to incorporate refutations, because it’s going against the grain for me. You’re trying to prove a point, so why write about opposing views? Now that I have learned to use refutations, I really see how and why they are important. It shows that you are well educated on your topic and that you’re not just focusing on one side. Refutations bring a well rounded perspective to whatever you’re writing.

  4. Ethan Korb says:

    LIke Trevor said in the above post, “Refutations can be a very good way for one to strengthen an argument.” Refutation does not just come in academic papers, but in all aspects of life. BUt if you are going to refute successfully, you need to make sure that you know a whole bunch about the topic you are going to refute. If you do not know what you are talking about, you will have a hard time sending your point across.

  5. Kaitlyn Bauer says:

    I understand that refuting an argument is necessary. It makes the paper more well-rounded. However, I still find it difficult to think of the strongest refutation that someone would make about my topic. After all of the research I have done on my topic, I am convinced that my statement is fully explored without the refutation. I almost feel that by acknowledging a view that is opposed to my thesis will make the reader question the rest of the essay.

  6. Bethany F says:

    I wholeheartedly agree with the importance of refuting your arguments. I believe it is a way of showing the reader that you looked at both sides of the issue, and are not basing your opinion on biased sources. Also, I think that just about every opinion one can have is flawed in some way. Sometimes there are exceptions or very valid counter-arguments. We have to acknowledge that mankind is imperfect, and account for that in the expression of our opinions.

  7. Christin Escaross says:

    Personally, refuting is a weakness I have. I spend my time researching on what I strongly believe in and then I need to go and write about the opposing view. That frustrates me because I do not feel like I need to go against my view, but I do understand why it is necessary. Everyone is entitled to their own opinion, which is why one needs to cover the opposing side so they see the different views and proof of both. While writing my research paper, I put my refuting paragraph towards the end to refute every point I made.

  8. NiCollette Abrantes says:

    To be honest, I was drawn in because of Justin Bieber, but I’m glad I chose this blog entry because I’m working on my research paper right now and the refutation is the last part that I need to revise my paper for. I like the refutation step of creating a strong argument because it allows those with opposing views to see you as knowledgable and understanding to their side of the argument. By refuting you may possibly be swaying those who are on the edge of agreement to take your side on the argument. You may also be opening up the eyes of those who strongly oppose your views to the point where they give sincere thought to your ideas. When I refute I usually give light to the other side of the argument but then back it up with evidence that proves why my stance is more accurate than theirs. I feel that by backing up my refutations with statistics, I and making my argument more believable and establishing more credibility in the eyes of the readers.

  9. Ysmara Sainz says:

    This helped me a lot write out my research paper. I used this for guidance because I had no idea how to set up my research paper specifically when I had to insert my fact. I did not know how or where to plug it in and where you stated
    “Fact/Quote/Paraphrase/Illustration/Proof/Statistic” it truly helped me a lot and guided me throughout my whole research paper.

  10. Ryan Webb says:

    Usually when I refute, I act purely out of impulse when i am in an argument. This article provides me with insight on a better way to approach my future arguments. Once I establish my arguments more accurately then I believe that I will essentially win more of those arguments. Also, I tend to try and get to the point as soon as possible, but I now realize that reaching my point slowly and accurately will benefit myself much better.

  11. health says:

    Great web site you have got here.. It’s difficult to find quality writing like yours nowadays. I seriously appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

  12. Alexa Hobelman says:

    I think it is very important to establish your credibility as a writer before refuting an argument. Though you may have a lot of facts and examples to back up a specific point, the reader must trust you as the writer. I thought this article was very helpful as to the importance of a refutation. It is important to know both sides of any argument before writing about it.

  13. Beth says:

    People believe in the strangest things. Many people believe in a thing called urine therapy. Yes, there are people who champion urine ingestion because to those that believe, urine can do anything such as healing us from cancer. To nonbelievers as well as medical experts, drinking urine can actually cause some health complications. I think that one of the ways to successfully refute an opposing argument is to have extremely credible resources to back up what you are trying to say. Without having these sources, the argument will only be an opinion and not the truth. I could argue that urine is not good to drink, but I’m only saying that because I am biased with disgust. However, if I say that urine is bad to drink because according to Dr. Urine Expert, it has the potential to cause diseases, maybe then I’ll be able to persuade people not to drink their pee.

  14. Tricia Fontneau-Ramos says:

    I am working on my research paper and staring at my computer screen because I am stuck on my refutation. Sure enough, I found myself distracted on the internet and decided to read one of these blog posts. This was helpful to me because it will help me break through my stuck point on refutation and gives me a guided way of how to do it. Refutation is the most important part of a paper because it really shows how credible a person is. Thank you for posting this.

  15. Tristan Avila says:

    This entry helped me in my refutation section of my paper. I have finally been able to get a roll going for it and I hit a wall when dealing with refutation. I just needed to know how to break it down. The outline helped assist me in my knowledge for this next step.

  16. Christian Caraveo says:

    While writing my essay i found it very hard not to address and refute certain points throughout the essay. is that normal? I followed your suggested route and did my refute paragraph/section at the end of the essay and i feel because of it i ended on a positive note. I never understood if personal experience or perception would be a good tool during refutation or is it seen as more educated if you use another source?

  17. veuve says:

    You actually make it seem so easy along with your presentation however I to find this matter to be
    really one thing which I think I would never
    understand. It kind of feels too complex and very vast for me.
    I am taking a look ahead in your next post, I will attempt to get the hang of it!

  18. I don’t believe refuting sends a good message. If what your writing is strong and to the point;then refuting states there is a weakness. And,others will find the contradiction makes the essay weak, thus leaving it in the air. It is better to allow individuals reading the essay to refute it therefore, better your point.

  19. Maria Elena Lopez says:

    Writing 109
    You really did get my attention in the beging with the Justin Bieber picture, what a great way to attract people. My thoughts on Refute, is that it is real importnat if your really trying to persuae your opinion and make it stand out there, thank you for sharing truly will help me be a much better yowling creator and a better writer hopefully.

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